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Gun Control Laws and Legislation: Where Does Pennsylvania Stand?

In the wake of recent mass shootings in Newtown, CT. and elsewhere, Patch examines the recent history of gun-control legislation in Pennsylvania.

On the books, Pennsylvania's gun laws are somewhat tougher than those found elsewhere in the United States, according to the Brady Center to Prevent Gun Violence.

The gun-control group gives Pennsylvania a 25 out of a possible 100-point rating on its state scorecard—the 10th-strictest rating in the country.

"While Pennsylvania has some common-sense gun laws, including the requirement of Brady criminal background checks on all handgun purchasers, more needs to be done to stop illegal gun trafficking," according to the Brady Center website.

Current Law

In Pennsylvania, a person does not need a license to "open-carry" a gun by wearing it in a holster or in similar fashion anywhere but in Philadelphia, state police spokeswoman Diana Bates told the Scranton Time-Tribune.

A permit obtained from law enforcement, usually the county sheriff's office, is needed to carry a concealed gun in Pennsylvania.

By law, Pennsylvanians cannot purchase a gun if they:

  • Have been convicted of or are currently under indictment for a felony or any other crime with a potential prison sentence of more than one year.
  • Are fugitives from justice.
  • Illegally use or are addicted to a controlled substance.
  • Have been adjudicated mentally defective or been committed to a mental institution.
  • Have been dishonorably discharged from the military.
  • Are subject to a court order restricting contact with a partner or child.
  • Have been convicted of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence.
  • Have ever renounced  U.S. citizenship.
  • Are illegal immigrants.

There are no state restrictions on the number of guns which can be purchased, including assault rifles. Private sales of handguns must go through a licensed dealer, although long guns may be sold privately without the use of a licensed dealer.

Gun Control Legislative History

October 2012

  • PA Senate Bill 1438. The pending legislation would penalize municipalities that have enacted laws to curb illegal gun sales by requiring them to pay damages and penalties to plaintiffs who challenge those laws in the courts, the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette reported. The bill is awaiting action by the state Senate.

June 2011

  • Expanded Castle Doctrine Bill Enacted. This legislation expanded the right to use deadly force against attackers in places other than homes. The legislation, sponsored by Rep. Scott Perry, R-York, eliminated a requirement that people first attempt to retreat from threatening situations before using deadly force.

Rendell Administration—2003-2011.

Former Gov. Ed Rendell tried several different times during his eight years in office to enact gun control legislation.

He sought to limit sales to individuals to one handgun a month. He wanted owners to be required to report lost or stolen weapons. He wanted to close a loophole in state law that he said he believes permits criminals to use gun permits obtained in other states.

At each turn, the Legislature—including some of his allies in the Democratic-controlled House—knocked down the proposals, the Post-Gazette reported.

Pennsylvania's current Gov. Tom Corbett, in his previous role as the state's attorney general, joined with attorneys general from other states to challenge handgun bans in Washington, D.C. and Chicago, according to his campaign website. 

Corbett, a Western Pennsylvania Republican who took office in January 2011, described himself on his campaign website as a "strong supporter" of the constitutional right to bear arms and a lifetime member of the National Rifle Association. 

clint eastwood December 19, 2012 at 12:27 AM
Enforce the laws we have .. new laws won't help . The criminals never follow the laws an have all types of weapons . Your just taking weapons from law abiding citizens an giving the criminals the upper hand . How many people die every minute from drunk drivers do we band cars? How many people die each minute from cigarettes have we band them .? Each of these cases the shooter had mental problems let's treat the problem first ....... I for one want to have my gun with me when the next person goes off so I have a chance to stop him .
same old story December 19, 2012 at 04:13 PM
dirty harry. the mental heath industry is the root of this tragic issue. hippa rules are what causes all ,of this bs. no one has the nerve to call a troubled person "troubled". the other 99.9% of the population pays the price for the privacy rights of a few. gun control means using 2 hands
FunnyMoney December 19, 2012 at 04:54 PM
Wondering if anyone other than me believes there is a direct relation between the closing of the State Hospitals in the 80's and 90's ( Mayview, Woodville) and the seeming increase in the frequency of these types of incidents. Im wondering if this is the case? So by releasing these troubled individuals into the general population did the state place finances above you and your familys security? Or by there now not being a place to institutionalize these people and "mainstreaming" them is the State the root of the problem here?. I am not in favor of taking guns away from law abiding citizens but having said that I am not against having a discussion either to find some common ground that can balance the need for both better control/laws and recognize fact the right to keep and bear arms is an indiviual right. I am a member of the NRA and I agree with Clit Eastwood I also would want to have my gun with me to protect myself, my family and others should the need arise. The government cannot protect you and if they take away your guns they have done nothing more than legislated the fact that you and your family should be at the mercy of the merciless predators of our society. Of course soon they are also going to control our healthcare, so why not let them be in charge of our personal safety too because we all know how effiecient big government is at running things...... but this is another completely different subject. God Bless and Merry Christmas.
clint eastwood December 19, 2012 at 05:00 PM
Amen to that same old an funny money

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